※ 블로그내 모든 자료는 불특정시기에 수정되므로 링크스크랩을 권장합니다.

 ※ 과제등에 인용시, 출처 명시 바랍니다.

posted by MTG 2015.02.12 15:56






0. 필요한 파일


파일명

예시 경로

 apache httpd-2.4.7

 [#아키이브]

 /usr/local/apache httpd-2.4.7

-> httpd2.4 버젼부터는 1.4 이상의 apr과 apr-util이 필요

 1.5.0.tar.gz
 apr-util-1.5.3.tar.gz
 /usr/local/apr-1.5.0
 /usr/local/apr-util-1.5.3

 php-5.5.21.tar.gz

 [#아카이브]

 /usr/local/php-5.5.21

 mysql-5.6.15.tar.gz

 [#5.6.15 다운로드]

 [#아카이브 상위경로]

 /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15

-> 아카이브에서 상위경로-하위로 간 경우 [Source Code>MySQL Server Tarball]에 있는 파일 사용.

 test.php

 /usr/local/workspace/test.php

 putty.exe [#다운로드] (특이사항 없음)
 puttygen.exe [#다운로드] (특이사항 없음)


* 작업환경

아마존 AWS

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.0 (HVM), SSD Volume Type - ami-35556534

[root] # yum -y update       완료
[root] # yum -y install wget 완료




1. 필수 패키지


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[root] # yum -y install gcc.x86_64 gcc-c++.x86_64 wget.x86_64 bzip2-devel.x86_64 pkgconfig.x86_64 openssl-devel.x86_64 make.x86_64 man.x86_64 nasm.x86_64 gmp.x86_64 gdbm-devel.x86_64 readline-devel.x86_64 compat-readline43.x86_64 ncurses-devel.x86_64 db4-devel.x86_64 automake* autoconf* distcache-devel.x86_64 pcre-devel.x86_64 libxslt-devel.x86_64 GeoIP-devel.x86_64 gd-devel.x86_64 libmcrypt libmcrypt-devel
[root] # yum -y install libtermcap-devel ncurses-devel
[root] # yum -y install libxml* curl-devel libjpeg* libpng* freetype-devel
[root] # yum -y install glib2-devel openssl-devel pcre-devel bzip2-devel gzip-devel gcc make
[root] # yum -y install perl-ExtUtils-Embed


cmake에 필요한거.

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[root] # yum -y install make cmake
[root] # yum -y install bison
[root] # yum -y install wget unzip 




2. 아파치 httpd


1) 설치

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[root] # wget https://archive.apache.org/dist/httpd/httpd-2.4.7.tar.gz
[root] # tar -zxvf httpd-2.4.7.tar.gz
[root] # cd /usr/local/httpd-2.4.7
[root] # ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/httpd-2.4.7 --with-mpm=prefork
... ... ...
checking for APR-util... no
configure: error: APR-util not found.  Please read the documentation.
[root] # wget https://archive.apache.org/dist/apr/apr-1.5.0.tar.gz
[root] # tar -zxvf apr-1.5.0.tar.gz
[root] # cd /usr/local/apr-1.5.0
[root] # ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr-1.5.0
[root] # make && make install
[root] # wget https://archive.apache.org/dist/apr/apr-util-1.5.3.tar.gz
[root] # tar -zxvf apr-util-1.5.3.tar.gz
[root] # cd /usr/local/apr-util-1.5.3
[root] # ./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/apr-util-1.5.3 \
--with-apr=/usr/local/apr-1.5.0
[root] # make && make install
... ... ...
See any operating system documentation about shared libraries for
more information, such as the ld(1) and ld.so(8) manual pages.
----------------------------------------------------------------------
/usr/bin/install -c -m 644 aprutil.exp /usr/local/apr-util-1.5.3/lib
/usr/bin/install -c -m 755 apu-config.out /usr/local/apr-util-1.5.3/bin/apu-1-config
[root] # cd /usr/local/httpd-2.4.7
[root] # ./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/httpd-2.4.7 \
--with-mpm=prefork \
--with-apr=/usr/local/apr-1.5.0 \
--with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util-1.5.3
[root] # make & make install



2) 서비스 등록

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[root] # vi /etc/ld.so.conf
(vi 에디터중)
include ld.so.conf.d/*.conf
... ... ...
/usr/local/ec2/local/httpd-2.4.7/lib
/usr/local/ec2/local/httpd-2.4.7/modules
:wq
[root] # ldconfig
[root] # cp /usr/local/httpd-2.4.7/bin/apachectl /etc/init.d/httpd
[root] #service httpd start



3) conf 편집


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[root] # mkdir /usr/local/workspace
[root] # chmod 755 /usr/local/workspace
[root] # vi /usr/local/httpd-2.4.7/conf/httpd.conf
(vi 에디터중)
... ... ...
ServerRoot "/usr/local/httpd-2.4.7"
... ... ...
# Deny access to the entirety of your server's filesystem. You must
# explicitly permit access to web content directories in other
<Directory />
    AllowOverride none
    Allow from all
</Directory>
... ... ...
#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
#
DocumentRoot "/usr/local/workspace"
<Directory "/usr/local/workspace">
... ... ...
:wq
[root] # service httpd restart
[root] # ps -ef | grep httpd
root      1398     1  0 08:54 ?        00:00:00 ./httpd
daemon   14054  1398  0 09:22 ?        00:00:00 ./httpd
daemon   14055  1398  0 09:22 ?        00:00:00 ./httpd
daemon   14056  1398  0 09:22 ?        00:00:00 ./httpd
daemon   14057  1398  0 09:22 ?        00:00:00 ./httpd
daemon   14058  1398  0 09:22 ?        00:00:00 ./httpd
root     14060  1378  0 09:22 pts/1    00:00:00 grep --color=auto httpd


*기타, 수동실행법

cd /usr/local/httpd-2.4.7/bin

./httpd

ps -ef | grep httpd



4) 확인

웹 브라우저로 서버IP에 접속해서 'It works!'가 있으면 정상적으로 실행되고 있습니다.

만약 403 forbiden처럼 퍼미션 에러가 날 경우,

프로젝트 폴더에 권한을

chmod 750 /usr/local/workspace

or

chmod 701 /usr/local/workspace

등으로 권한을 바꿔서 재접속을 해보거나, 서버자체를 리부팅 해보면 됩니다.



5) 기타 에러

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... ... ...
libmysqlclient_r.so.16: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
[root] # vi /etc/ld.so.conf
...
/usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/lib/mysql  #추가
:wq
[root] # /sbin/ldconfig


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[root] # service httpd restart
... ... ...
httpd: Syntax error on line 150 of /usr/local/httpd-2.4.7/conf/httpd.conf:
Cannot load modules/libphp5.so into server:
libmysqlclient_r.so.16: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
[root] # pwd
/usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/libmysql_r/.libs
[root] # cp libmysqlclient_r.so.16 /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/lib/mysql/libmysqlclient_r.so.16
[root] # service httpd restart




3. PHP


1) 필요 라이브러리

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yum -y install libvpx yum install libvpx-devel
yum -y install libXpm libXpm-devel
yum -y install t1lib t1lib-devel
yum -y install gmp-devel
yum -y install pam-devel
yum -y install libicu libicu-devel
yum -y install openldap-devel



2) libmcrypt

-> 설치를 안 하면 PHP 설치중 아래와 같은 에러메시지가 나옵니다.

... ... ...

checking for stdarg.h... (cached) yes

checking for mcrypt support... yes

configure: error: mcrypt.h not found. Please reinstall libmcrypt.

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[root] # wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/mcrypt/files/Libmcrypt/2.5.8/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
[root] # tar xzf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz 
[root] # cd /usr/local/libmcrypt-2.5.8
[root] # ./configure
[root] # make & make install



3) 설치

-> wget으로 받을 주소를 못찾아서 php소스파일은 파일질라로 업로드 했습니다.

     개발이 하고 싶어요 :: 아마존 웹 서비스(AWS) EC2 파일 전송 FileZilla

-> '--enable-maintainer-zts'옵션이 없으면 libphp5.so 생성이 안 되는듯?

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[root] # cd /usr/local/php-5.4.25
[root] # ./configure \
-prefix=/usr/local/php-5.4.25 \
--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php-5.4.25/lib \
--with-apxs2=/usr/local/httpd-2.4.7/bin/apxs \
--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql-5.6.15 \
--with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/bin/mysql_config \
--with-libdir=lib64 \
--with-curl \
--disable-debug --enable-safe-mode \
--disable-fileinfo \
--enable-track-vars \
--enable-sockets --with-openssl --enable-ftp \
--with-mod_charset --with-charset=utf8 \
--with-xml \
--enable-mailparse \
--enable-calender \
--enable-sysvsem=yes --enable-sysvshm=yes \
--enable-magi-quotes \
--enable-gd-native-ttf \
--enable-url-includes \
--enable-trans-id \
--enable-inline-optimization \
--enable-bcmath \
--with-jpeg --with-png \
--with-zlib \
--with-jpeg-dir=/usr \
--with-png-dir=/usr/lib \
--with-freetype-dir=/usr \
--with-libxml-dir=/usr \
--enable-exif \
--with--gd \
--with-ttf \
--with-gettext \
--enable-sigchild \
--enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt \
--enable-maintainer-zts
... ... ...
 
| the installation process at this point.                            |
+--------------------------------------------------------------------+
 
Thank you for using PHP.
 
config.status: creating php5.spec
... ... ...
[root] # make & make install



3) 설정

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[root] # find -name '*5.so'
./libs/libphp5.so
./.libs/libphp5.so
[root] # cp /usr/local/php-5.4.25/libs/libphp5.so /usr/local/httpd-2.4.7/modules/libphp5.so
[root] # cp /usr/local/php-5.4.25/php.ini-production /usr/local/httpd-2.4.7/conf/php.ini
[root] # vi /usr/local/httpd-2.4.7/conf/httpd.conf
(VI  에디터)
... ... ...
#LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
LoadModule php5_module modules/libphp5.so
 
<IfModule unixd_module>
... ... ...
... ... ...
    #AddEncoding x-compress .Z
    #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
    #
    # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
    # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
    #
    AddType application/x-compress .Z
    AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz
    AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .htm .html .inc
    AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps
    PHPIniDir "/usr/local/php-5.4.25/lib"
... ... ...
:wq
[root] # service httpd restart


만약, 아파치는 재시작에 에러 메시지 출력이 없는데도

브라우저상으로 페이지가 다운된 상태이면 php.ini을 다시금 확인해봅니다.




4. MySQL


1) 관련 라이브러리

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[root] # wget https://lnamp-web-server.googlecode.com/files/cmake-2.8.4.tar.gz
[root] # tar -zxvf cmake-2.8.4.tar.gz
[root] # cd cmake-2.8.4
[root] # ./bootstrap
[root] # make & make install
... ... ...
-- Installing: /usr/local/doc/cmake-2.8/cpack.txt
-- Installing: /usr/local/doc/cmake-2.8/cpack.docbook
-- Installing: /usr/local/doc/cmake-2.8/ccmake.txt
-- Installing: /usr/local/doc/cmake-2.8/ccmake.docbook
[1]+  Done                    make



2) 설치

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[root] # groupadd mysql
[root] # useradd -g mysql mysql
[root] # wget https://downloads.mariadb.com/archives/mysql-5.6/mysql-5.6.15.tar.gz
[root] # tar zxvf mysql-5.6.15.tar.gz
[root] # cd mysql-5.6.15
[root] # cmake \
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql-5.6.15 \
-DSYSCONFDIR=/usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/config \
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/data \
-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock \
-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \
-DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS=all \
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-LH
... ... ...
... ... ...
[root] # make && make install
... ... ...
-- Installing: /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/man/man1/myisampack.1
-- Installing: /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/man/man8/mysqld.8
-- Installing: /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/support-files/solaris/postinstall-solaris


2) 초기화

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[root] # cd /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/scripts
[root] # /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql-5.6.15 --datadir=/usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/data
bash: /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/scripts/mysql_install_db: Permission denied
[root] # chmod 750 /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/scripts/mysql_install_db
[root] # /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql-5.6.15 --datadir=/usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/data
Installing MySQL system tables...2015-02-12 00:44:11 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated.
... ... ...
WARNING: Default config file /etc/my.cnf exists on the system
This file will be read by default by the MySQL server
If you do not want to use this, either remove it, or use the
--defaults-file argument to mysqld_safe when starting the server
[root] # vi /etc/profile
(vi 에디터)
... ... ...
unset i
unset -f pathmunge
 
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/bin
:wq



3) 서비스 등록

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[root] # cp /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/support-files/my-default.cnf /etc/my.cnf
[root] # cp /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d
[root] # cp /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
[root] # chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
[root] # cd /etc/init.d
[root] # chkconfig --add mysql.server
[root] # chkconfig --level 2345 mysql.server on
[root] # ln -s /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/bin/mysql /usr/bin
[root] # ln -s /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/bin/mysqldump /usr/bin/
[root] # cd /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/support-files
[root] # chmod 755 mysql.server
[root] # /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/support-files/mysql.server start --skip-grant-tables
Starting MySQL SUCCESS!
[root] # ln -s /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/bin/mysql /usr/bin
[root] # ln -s /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/bin/mysqldump /usr/bin/
[root] # cd /usr/local
[root] # find -name 'libmysqlclient.so*'
... ... ...
./mysql-5.6.15/lib/libmysqlclient.so
[root] # vi /etc/ld.so.conf
(vi 에디터)
include ld.so.conf.d/*.conf
... ... ...
/usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/lib
:wq
[root] # /sbin/ldconfig



4) 비밀번호

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[root] # /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/support-files/mysql.server start --skip-grant-tables
Starting MySQL SUCCESS!
[root] # cd /usr/local/mysql-5.6.15/bin
[root] # ./mysqladmin -u root password '1234@'
[root] # mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 1
Server version: 5.6.15 Source distribution
 
Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 
Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.
 
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
 
mysql>




기타. 참고자료


1) 아파치
뱀미의 블로그 :: [linux]apach 설치

Live Brilliant :: [에러] libmysqlclient_r.so.16: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory



2) MySQL

MySQL 5.6.21 소스 컴파일 설치

mysql 5.6.15 소스 설치

Redlamp :: [centos]APM 설치 3 - mysql 5.6 설치



3) PHP

리눅스 apache, php 설치 및 연동




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2015-02-12

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